Just like any other organ, even the well-being of your bone marrow is detectable only with a Bone Marrow Test. It is not a common test and so most probably, you may not be familiar with it. So first, you need to understand what this test implies and then you may further read everything about it!
A bone marrow analysis helps in understanding the health status of the bone marrow in the body. The main reason for performing this analysis is to check whether the marrow is releasing a normal amount of blood cells or not.
Now you must be wondering what bone marrow actually is? Well, it is a sponge-like tissue present inside the bone. It includes stem cells that advance into three forms of blood cells, which the body needs for performing various functions:
- Platelets that prevent bleeding.
- White Blood Cells that fight infection.
- Red Blood Cells carry oxygen in the body.
This analysis helps find out blood disorders and even to detect cancer or any other severe infection.
Bone Marrow Biopsy and Aspiration
The biopsy removes a small portion of the bone and a small amount of liquid fluid and cells from the bone. While the aspiration test, on the other hand, removes only a small portion of the liquid fluid. The procedure for two may vary and is done in varying ways. During the bone marrow aspiration process, a small amount of liquids is removed from the bone with help of a needle. The fluid is tested to check for problems in the bone marrow. It helps to explore the problems in chromosomes.
Specialists like hematologist, internist, medical oncologist, or pathologist perform this test. To execute the process, they collect a sample of blood test and then go for the further testing procedure.